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  • Drake, Henrik
    et al.
    Ivarsson, Magnus
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Paleobiology.
    Bengtson, Stefan
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Paleobiology.
    Heim, Christine
    Siljeström, Sandra
    Whitehouse, Martin
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology.
    Broman, Curt
    Belivanova, Veneta
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Paleobiology.
    Åström, Mats E.
    Anaerobic consortia of fungi and sulfate reducing bacteria in deep granite fractures2017In: Nature Communications, ISSN 2041-1723, E-ISSN 2041-1723, Vol. 8, no 55, 1-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The deep biosphere is one of the least understood ecosystems on Earth. Although most microbiological studies in this system have focused on prokaryotes and neglected microeukaryotes, recent discoveries have revealed existence of fossil and active fungi in marine sediments and sub-seafloor basalts, with proposed importance for the subsurface energy cycle. However, studies of fungi in deep continental crystalline rocks are surprisingly few. Consequently, the characteristics and processes of fungi and fungus-prokaryote interactions in this vast environment remain enigmatic. Here we report the first findings of partly organically preserved and partly mineralized fungi at great depth in fractured crystalline rock (-740 m). Based on environmental parameters and mineralogy the fungi are interpreted as anaerobic. Synchrotron-based techniques and stable isotope microanalysis confirm a coupling between the fungi and sulfate reducing bacteria. The cryptoendolithic fungi have significantly weathered neighboring zeolite crystals and thus have implications for storage of toxic wastes using zeolite barriers.

  • Shamshev, Igor
    et al.
    Wahlberg, Emma
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Zoology.
    Soltész, Zoltán
    New data on the genera Allanthalia Melander, Chvalaea Papp & Földvári and Leptodromiella Tuomikoski (Diptera: Hybotidae) from the Palaearctic2017In: Russian Entomological Journal, ISSN 0132-8069, Vol. 26, no 2, 161-168 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    New data on distribution in the Palaearctic Region for three species of flies of the family Hybotidae are provided. Allanthalia pallida (Zetterstedt, 1838) is recorded for the first time from Yakutia (Eastern Siberia) and Leptodromiella crassiseta (Tuomikoski, 1932) — from the Russian Far East (Amurskaya Province). The following new synonym is proposed: Chvalaea  rugosiventris (Strobl, 1910) = Chvalaea sopianae Papp et Földvári, 2002, syn.n. Chvalaea rugosiventris is recorded for the first time from Eastern Siberia (Krasnoyarskiy Territory) and from the Russian Far East (Primorskiy Territory). The latter species is re-described and illustrated. All distributional data on these species are mapped.