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Eoarchean rock association in the Dniester-Bouh Domain of the Ukrainian Shield: A suite of LILE-depleted enderbites and mafic granulites
Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology.
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2020 (English)In: Precambrian Research, ISSN 0301-9268, E-ISSN 1872-7433Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We present the results of a study of an Eoarchean rock assemblage in the Dniester-Bouh Domain of the Ukrainian Shield. This comprises granulite-facies granitoids intercalated with mafic and ultramafic granulites. Zircon U-Pb geochronology indicates enderbite crystallisation at 3786 ± 32 Ma, followed by a subsequent event at ca. 3500 Ma. Several events can be tentatively identified that affected these rocks between ca. 3000 and 2700 Ma. The last zircon growth event took place in response to granulite facies metamorphism and included two separate episodes at ca. 2000 and ca. 1900 Ma. The oldest two zircon populations in enderbites have εHf values around 0, indicating their crystallisation from a protolith with a short crustal residence time. Zircons that crystallised during the 3000–2700 Ma event(s) vary in Hf isotope systematics from εHf ~ 1 at ca. 3000 Ma to εHf ~ −14 at c. 2700 Ma. Paleoproterozoic zircons reveal even more significant variations in εHf value from +6 to –22. Such variations are indicative of juvenile input and mixing with old non-radiogenic Hf.

All Eoarchean rocks are depleted in incompatible trace elements and have negative Ta-Nb, P, and Ti anomalies. Compared to the typical TTG associations, enderbites record depletion in felsic components (SiO2, Na2O, K2O, Rb, Th), and enrichment in mafic ones (TiO2, MgO, CaO, V), allowing them to be defined as “mafic” or “depleted” TTG.

Geochemical data indicate that mafic and ultramafic rocks of the Dniester-Bouh Domain formed by shallow high-degree melting of the mantle, with the absence of garnet in their source, and the presence of residual Ti-bearing minerals and/or amphibole. In contrast, enderbites were formed from a mixed garnet-bearing amphibolite – eclogite source, i.e. melting over a range of pressures/depths. Our preferred model for the formation of the Eoarchean rock association involves the shallow melting of mantle and formation of basalts and accompanying ultramafic cumulates at a spreading centre, with subsequent underthrusting of one segment of oceanic crust beneath the other, and partial melting of hydrated metamorphosed (eclogitized) mafic rocks in the underthrust plate, leading to the formation of the TTG melts

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020.
Keywords [en]
Eoarchean isotope geochemistry
National Category
Geology
Research subject
The changing Earth
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-4003DOI: 10.1016/j.precamres.2020.106001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-4003DiVA, id: diva2:1509112
Available from: 2020-12-11 Created: 2020-12-11 Last updated: 2020-12-11Bibliographically approved

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