Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
The Pliocene flora of Frankfurt am Main, Germany: taxonomy, palaeoenvironments and biogeographic affinities
Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Faculty of Sciences, Charles University.
Department of Biology and Environmental Studies, Faculty of Education, Charles University.
Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Paleobiology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9535-1206
2020 (English)In: Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments, ISSN 1867-1594, E-ISSN 1867-1608, Vol. 100, p. 647-703Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Pliocene flora of Frankfurt am Main described by Karl Mädler during the first half of the twentieth century is a key flora for the European Pliocene. In the present study, we revised the leaf fossil taxa described by Mädler and investigated plant material collected after Mädler’s publication. The revised and augmented floral list comprises seven new species and some new combinations of taxa described by Mädler. In total, 16 gymnosperm species in 15 genera and 73 angiosperm species (of which 15 could not be assigned to a genus) in 40 genera are recognised in the leaf record. Main characteristics of the flora are the high diversity of conifers, the diverse assemblage of exclusively deciduous Fagaceae, including six species of oaks, and the high diversity of Rosaceae. These features indicate cool temperate climatic conditions (comparable to Lugano in southern Switzerland). Angiosperm genera that are today confined to North America and/or East Asia (Eucommia, Magnolia and Sassafras) also are deciduous, whereas evergreen taxa are shrubs typical of the understorey (Buxus, Ilex, Pachysandra, Prunus lusitanica type) and Viscum. Eighteen taxa recorded in the Pliocene of Frankfurt am Main are today absent from western Eurasia and eastern North America, and 25 taxa are absent from western North America. This shows (i) a strong biogeographic link of the Pliocene flora of Frankfurt am Main with East Asia, (ii) surprisingly high levels of speciation (Pliocene endemisms) and (iii) that the European flora was more diverse in woody species shortly before the onset of major Pleistocene glaciations than today.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2020. Vol. 100, p. 647-703
Keywords [en]
Flora, relict taxa, speciation, biogeography, Pliocene, Europe
National Category
Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Botany
Research subject
Ecosystems and species history; The changing Earth
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-4163DOI: 10.1007/s12549-019-00391-6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-4163DiVA, id: diva2:1516009
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilAvailable from: 2021-01-11 Created: 2021-01-11 Last updated: 2021-01-11Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Kvaček2020_Article_ThePlioceneFloraOfFrankfurtAmM-1(16251 kB)91 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 16251 kBChecksum SHA-512
93dd0006e988290eb2f597400c4f99f21d12053c45c6bd773d9fa9d59ba5d27e4e7362a870f652eabd2f966c7eb1857149274b2e45da842fd101ecdf07652b15
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full texthttps://doi.org/10.1007/s12549-019-00391-6

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Denk, Thomas
By organisation
Department of Paleobiology
In the same journal
Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments
Other Earth and Related Environmental SciencesBotany

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 91 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 45 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf