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A new small-sized penguin from the late Eocene of Seymour Island with additional material of Mesetaornis polaris
Faculty of Biology, University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5263-1125
Instituto Antártico Argentino, Campus Miguelete, Buenos Aires, Argentina.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0875-8484
Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Paleobiology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2268-5824
2021 (English)In: GFF, ISSN 1103-5897, E-ISSN 2000-0863, Vol. 143, no 2-3, p. 283-291Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Here, we report on two tarsometatarsi assignable to relatively small-sized Eocene Antarctic penguins, housed in the palaeozoological collections of Naturhistoriska riksmuseet, Stockholm. The Priabonian fossils were collected by museum staff during two joined Argentinean and Swedish expeditions from the Submeseta Formation on Seymour Island, Antarctic Peninsula. One specimen represents a new early sphenisciform, Marambiornopsis sobrali gen. et sp. nov., the sixth small-sized tarsometatarsus-based penguin species known from the Antarctic Eocene. Micro-CT scanning revealed the presence of quite large and essentially empty metatarsal medullary cavities. The second fossil can unequivocally be assigned to Mesetaornis polaris. The specimen represents only the second record of this species and supposedly a relatively young bird. Micro-CT scanning showed that in M. polaris the metatarsal medullary cavities are less developed than in M. sobrali – the cortical and trabecular bone tissues left rather little room for significant hollow spaces. Both specimens also differ in overall density of their trabecular networks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Taylor & Francis, 2021. Vol. 143, no 2-3, p. 283-291
Keywords [en]
Paleontology, Geology, Paleogene, Antarctic Peninsula, Submeseta Formation, early Sphenisciformes, Marambiornopsis, Mesetaornis
National Category
Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Ecosystems and species history; The changing Earth
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-4289DOI: 10.1080/11035897.2021.1900385OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-4289DiVA, id: diva2:1610002
Funder
Carl Tryggers foundation , 20:300Swedish Research Council, 2009-4447
Note

We thank the Argentinean Antarctic Institute (IAA-DNA), the Argentinean Air Force and the Swedish Polar Research Secretariat (SPFS) for logistical support in Antarctica and Jonas Hagström (NRM) for assistance in the field. We thank Vivi Vajda (NRM) for making the CT scanning possible, Ashley Kruger (NRM) for the CT-scanning. Financial support through SYNTHESYS funding made available by the European Community – Research Infrastructure Action under the FP6 Structuring the European Research Area Programme, project SE-TAF-4399 to PJ; from the Consejo Nacional de lnvestigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas (CONICET grant PIP 0462) and from the Argentinean National Agency for Promotion of Science and Technology (ANPCyT grant PICTO 0093/2010) to MR; from the Swedish Research Council (VR Grant 2009-4447) and from the Carl Tryggers Foundation (CTS grant 20:300) to TM is gratefully acknowledged.

Available from: 2021-11-09 Created: 2021-11-09 Last updated: 2021-12-13Bibliographically approved

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