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Co-exposure to highly allergenic airborne pollen and fungal spores in Europe
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2023 (English)In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 905, p. 167285-167285, article id 167285Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The study is aimed at determining the potential spatiotemporal risk of the co-occurrence of airborne pollen and fungal spores high concentrations in different bio-climatic zones in Europe. Birch, grass, mugwort, ragweed, olive pollen and Alternaria and Cladosporium fungal spores were investigated at 16 sites in Europe, in 2005–2019. In Central and northern Europe, pollen and fungal spore seasons mainly overlap in June and July, while in South Europe, the highest pollen concentrations occur frequently outside of the spore seasons. In the coldest climate, no allergy thresholds were exceeded simultaneously by two spore or pollen taxa, while in the warmest climate most of the days with at least two pollen taxa exceeding threshold values were observed. The annual air temperature amplitude seems to be the main bioclimatic factor influencing the accumulation of days in which Alternaria and Cladosporium spores simultaneously exceed allergy thresholds. The phenomenon of co-occurrence of airborne allergen concentrations gets increasingly common in Europe and is proposed to be present on other continents, especially in temperate climate.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. Vol. 905, p. 167285-167285, article id 167285
Keywords [en]
Inhalant allergy, Pollen grains, Fungal spores, Climatic zones
National Category
Other Biological Topics
Research subject
Man and the environment
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-5369DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.167285OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-5369DiVA, id: diva2:1816094
Available from: 2023-11-30 Created: 2023-11-30 Last updated: 2023-12-01Bibliographically approved

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Gedda, Björn
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Department of Environmental research and monitoring
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