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The Singhbhum Craton (India) records a billion year of continental crust formation and modification
Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology.
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2023 (English)In: Chemical Geology, ISSN 0009-2541, E-ISSN 1872-6836, Vol. 641, p. 121772-121772, article id 121772Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The petrogenesis of continental crust from its ultimate mantle source can be reconstructed from the element abundances and radiogenic isotope compositions of ideally pristine igneous rocks. The initial isotope compositions of igneous rocks provide geochemical constraints on the age, composition and evolution of their source(s). Determining initial isotope ratios for rock samples can be challenging, especially in rocks with a long and protracted thermal history. The Rb-Sr system is highly sensitive to parent-daughter element fractionation during magma differentiation. This makes the Rb-Sr isotope systematics ideal to trace the precursor composition of Archean felsic crust and constrain the time of element fractionation during the formation and subsequent modification of continental crust. Initial isotope compositions can be obtained directly from minerals that strongly prefer the daughter element and effectively exclude the parent element of the radio-isotope system of interest. Apatite, having a near zero Rb/Sr ratio, is ideal for preserving its initial 87Sr/86Sr and zircon records initial 176Hf/177Hf compositions. Combined modelling of Sr and Hf isotope data from granitoids of the Archean Singhbhum Craton, indicates that the older Paleoarchean granitoids, emplaced between 3.53 Ga and 3.44 Ga, were derived from a mafic precursor (∼52–54 wt% SiO2) sourced from a depleted mantle at ∼3.71 Ga. Initial 87Sr/86Sr isotope signatures of matrix apatite and apatite inclusions in zircon from the younger Paleoarchean granitoids (3.4–3.2 Ga) of the Singhbhum Craton indicate these younger granitoids were produced by mixing of magma generated from an older mafic source and partial melts derived from the older granitoids. The combined Sr-Hf isotope modelling links the timing of mantle extraction of the precursor material for Paleoarchean Singhbhum granitoids with a known mafic crust extraction event at ∼3.71 Ga. In combination, the new Sr isotope data from apatite combined with whole rock and zircon Hf isotope data from the literature reveal a ∼1 Ga protracted crustal growth and differentiation history of the nucleus of the Singhbhum Craton. By combining radio-isotope systems like 87Rb-87Sr and 176Lu-176Hf, the petrogenesis of Archean felsic crust from the extraction of mafic material from the mantle to reworking in an orogenic cycle to emplacement can be reconstructed. This approach can be applied to other greenstone-gneiss terranes to quantify the spatio-temporal and compositional evolution of voluminous felsic crust and the formation of cratons in the Archean.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2023. Vol. 641, p. 121772-121772, article id 121772
National Category
Geology Geochemistry
Research subject
The changing Earth
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-5507DOI: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2023.121772OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-5507DiVA, id: diva2:1822196
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2021-00276Available from: 2023-12-21 Created: 2023-12-21 Last updated: 2023-12-22Bibliographically approved

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