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The rediscovery of Strix butleri (Hume, 1878) in Oman and Iran, with molecular resolution of the identity of Strix omanensis Robb, van den Berg and Constantine, 2013
Sound Approach, Rua Dr Pedro Almeida Lima 6, P-2710122 Sintra, Portugal..
Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Bioinformatics and Genetics. Swedish Museum Nat Hist, Dept Bioinformat & Genet, POB 50007, S-10405 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Dept Zool, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
Ferdowsi Univ Mashhad, Dept Biol, Fac Sci, Azadi Sq, Mashhad 9177948974, Iran.;Ferdowsi Univ Mashhad, Inst Appl Zool, Res Dept Zool Innovat, Fac Sci, Mashhad, Iran..
Sound Approach, Duinlustparkweg 98, NL-2082 EG Santpoort Zuid, Netherlands..
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2016 (English)In: Avian Research, ISSN 0005-2175, E-ISSN 2053-7166, Vol. 7, UNSP 7Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Many species of owls (Strigidae) represent cryptic species and their taxonomic study is in flux. In recent years, two new species of owls of the genus Strix have been described from the Middle East by different research teams. It has been suggested that one of these species, S. omanensis, is not a valid species but taxonomic comparisons have been hampered by the lack of voucher specimens of S. omanensis, and the poor state of the holotype of S. butleri. Methods: Here we use new DNA sequence data to clarify the taxonomy and nomenclature of the S. butleri complex. We also report the capture of a single S. butleri sensu stricto in Mashhad, Iran. Results: A cytochrome b sequence of S. omanensis was found to be identical to that of the holotype of S. butleri, indicating that the name S. omanensis is best regarded as a junior synonym of S. butleri. The identity of the S. butleri captured in Mashhad, Iran, was confirmed using DNA sequence data. This represents a major (1300 km) range extension of this species. Conclusions: The population discovered in Oman in 2013 and originally named 'S. omanensis' actually represents the rediscovery of S. butleri, which was known from a single specimen and had not been recorded since 1878. The range of S. butleri extends into northeast Iran. Our study augments the body of evidence for the recognition of S. butleri and S. hadorami as separate species and highlights the importance of using multiple evidence to study cryptic owl species.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 7, UNSP 7
Keyword [en]
Molecular identification, Nomenclature, Phylogenetics, Strigidae, Strix, Taxonomy
National Category
Natural Sciences
Research subject
Ecosystems and species history
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-2040DOI: 10.1186/s40657-016-0043-4ISI: 000386795200001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-2040DiVA: diva2:1054782
Available from: 2016-12-09 Created: 2016-12-09 Last updated: 2017-01-14Bibliographically approved

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Sangster, GeorgeIrestedt, Martin

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