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Synchronous genetic turnovers across Western Eurasia in Late Pleistocene collared lemmings
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2016 (English)In: Global Change Biology, ISSN 1354-1013, E-ISSN 1365-2486, Vol. 22, no 5, 1710-1721 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recent palaeogenetic studies indicate a highly dynamic history in collared lemmings (Dicrostonyx spp.), with several demographical changes linked to climatic fluctuations that took place during the last glaciation. At the western range margin of D.torquatus, these changes were characterized by a series of local extinctions and recolonizations. However, it is unclear whether this pattern represents a local phenomenon, possibly driven by ecological edge effects, or a global phenomenon that took place across large geographical scales. To address this, we explored the palaeogenetic history of the collared lemming using a next-generation sequencing approach for pooled mitochondrial DNA amplicons. Sequences were obtained from over 300 fossil remains sampled across Eurasia and two sites in North America. We identified five mitochondrial lineages of D.torquatus that succeeded each other through time across Europe and western Russia, indicating a history of repeated population extinctions and recolonizations, most likely from eastern Russia, during the last 50000years. The observation of repeated extinctions across such a vast geographical range indicates large-scale changes in the steppe-tundra environment in western Eurasia during the last glaciation. AllHolocene samples, from across the species' entire range, belonged to only one of the five mitochondrial lineages. Thus, extant D.torquatus populations only harbour a small fraction of the total genetic diversity that existed across different stages of the Late Pleistocene. In North American samples, haplotypes belonging to both D.groenlandicus and D.richardsoni were recovered from a Late Pleistocene site in south-western Canada. This suggests that D.groenlandicus had a more southern and D.richardsoni a more northern glacial distribution than previously thought. This study provides significant insights into the population dynamics of a small mammal at a large geographical scale and reveals a rather complex demographical history, which could have had bottom-up effects in the Late Pleistocene steppe-tundra ecosystem.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 22, no 5, 1710-1721 p.
National Category
Evolutionary Biology
Research subject
Diversity of life
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-2084DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13214ISI: 000373130700003PubMedID: 26919067OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-2084DiVA: diva2:1056789
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2008-4896Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning, 2008-1881
Available from: 2016-12-15 Created: 2016-12-15 Last updated: 2016-12-20Bibliographically approved

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Palkopoulou, EleftheriaAbramson, Natalia I.Sablin, MikhailPonomarev, DmitryNystroem, JohannaKalthoff, Daniela C.Ersmark, ErikDalen, Love
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CiteExportLink to record
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