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BIAS Implementation Plan: Monitoring and assessment guidance for continuous low frequency sound in the Baltic Sea
AquaBiota Water Research.
Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI).
Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI).
Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Environmental research and monitoring.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7039-6715
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2016 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The BIAS Implementation Plan describes a regional programme for monitoring underwater ambient noise in the Baltic Sea. The programme combined measurements and modelling and was successfully implemented in 2012-2016 within the EU LIFE+ project Baltic Sea Information on the Acoustic Soundscape (BIAS) by Sweden, Denmark, Germany, Poland, Estonia and Finland.

In 2014, one year of sound measurements was performed at 36 locations with the purpose of establishing the baseline state of ambient noise levels in the Baltic Sea. The measurements, as well as the post-survey processing of the data, were subject to standardized field procedures, quality control and signal processing routines were all developed within BIAS.

BIAS dealt exclusively with monitoring continuous low frequency sound as referred to by the Marine Strategy Framework Directive indicator 11.2.1. Therefore, the study focused on the 1/3 octave frequency bands of 63 and 125 Hz, as specified by the indicator, and a third frequency band (2 kHz) which was added to strengthen the ecological relevance of the BIAS results.

The measured sound data were used to model the soundscape for the entire project area, providing the first results for the Baltic Sea on a monthly basis. Soundscape maps were produced for the three targeted frequency bands, and three depth intervals: the surface layer (0 to 15m deep), the deep layer (30m to the bottom), and the full water column of the Baltic Sea.

A large number of soundscape maps were produced constituting the base for future management of noise in the Baltic Sea. To facilitate an efficient handling of these, and future, results a GIS-based soundscape planning tool was created for visualizing the measured data and the modelled maps in a management friendly concept. BIAS identified two useful statistical measures for characterizing the soundscape which were incorporated into the soundscape planning tool. The year-by-year change of these measures directly relate to the current definition of the indicator.

Based on the experiences made in the project, the BIAS implementation plan also outlines a plausible strategy for the future monitoring and the elements needed for maintaining a joint implementation for underwater ambient noise in the Baltic Sea region.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BIAS LIFE11 ENV/SE/841 , 2016. , 39 p.
Keyword [en]
underwater noise, sound measurements, modelling, soundscape
National Category
Other Physics Topics
Research subject
Man and the environment
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-2262OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-2262DiVA: diva2:1072183
Projects
BIAS LIFE11 ENV/SE/841
Note

Forskningsfinansiär: EU LIFE programme

Available from: 2017-02-07 Created: 2017-02-07 Last updated: 2017-02-28Bibliographically approved

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https://biasproject.files.wordpress.com/2017/02/bias-implementation-plan.pdf

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Carlström, Julia
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