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A contextual review of the Carnivora of Kanapoi
Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Paleobiology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9586-4017
2017 (English)In: Journal of Human Evolution, ISSN 0047-2484, E-ISSN 1095-8606Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The Early Pliocene is a crucial time period in carnivoran evolution. Holarctic carnivoran faunas suffered a turnover event at the Miocene-Pliocene boundary. This event is also observed in Africa but its onset is later and the process more drawn-out. Kanapoi is one of the earliest faunas in Africa to show evidence of a fauna that is more typical Pliocene than Miocene in character. The taxa recovered from Kanapoi are: Torolutra sp., Enhydriodon (2 species), Genetta sp., Helogale sp., Homotherium sp., Dinofelis petteri, Felis sp., and Parahyaena howelli. Analysis of the broader carnivoran context of which Kanapoi is an example shows that all these taxa are characteristic of Plio-Pleistocene African faunas, rather than Miocene ones. While some are still extant and some went extinct in the Early Pleistocene, P. howelli is unique in both originating and going extinct in the Early Pliocene.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
Africa, Kenya, Miocene, Pliocene, Pleistocene, Carnivora
National Category
Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Evolutionary Biology
Research subject
Ecosystems and species history
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-2412DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2017.05.001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-2412DiVA: diva2:1111540
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2017-06-19 Created: 2017-06-19 Last updated: 2017-06-19Bibliographically approved

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The full text will be freely available from 2017-12-20 10:37
Available from 2017-12-20 10:37

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Werdelin, Lars
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  • apa
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