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The first Cenozoic Equisetum from New Zealand
Queensland Herbarium, Brisbane Botanic Gardens Mt Coot-tha, Mt Coot-tha Rd, Toowong QLD 4066, Australia.
Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Paleobiology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6723-239X
2017 (English)In: Geobios, ISSN 0016-6995, E-ISSN 1777-5728, Vol. 50, 259-265 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Equisetum is described for the first time from Cenozoic deposits of New Zealand. The fossils derive from two early to earliest middle Miocene assemblages in South Island, New Zealand. The fossils are ascribed tentatively to subgenus Equisetum based on their possession of whorled branch scars, but they cannot be assigned with confidence to a formal species. The decline of equisetaleans, otherwise unknown from the Cenozoic of the New Zealand-Australian-Antarctic domain, was possibly a consequence of severe environmental changes – particularly, abrupt shifts in the temperature and soil moisture regime – experienced by this region in the Neogene, coupled with competition from opportunistic angiosperms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 50, 259-265 p.
Keyword [en]
Sphenophyta, Equisetales, Australasia, Extinction, Miocene, Paleoclimate
National Category
Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Ecosystems and species history
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-2559DOI: 10.1016/j.geobios.2017.04.001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-2559DiVA: diva2:1162300
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-5234
Note

Additional funding from US National Science Foundation (project #1636625)

Available from: 2017-12-01 Created: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016699516301309

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