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Flora of The Late Triassic
Museum of Nature South Tyrol, Bindergasse 1, 39100 Bozen/Bolzano, Italy.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0300-0175
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Northrop Hall, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA.
Borissiak Paleontological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Profsoyuznaya 123, Moscow 117647, Russia.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6720-3609
Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Paleobiology.
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2017 (English)In: Late Triassic of the World / [ed] Tanner, L.H., New York: Springer International Publishing , 2017, 1, 545-622 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The Triassic was a crucial period of botanical evolutionary innovations and plant diversification. Key plant groups (Bennettitales, Czekanowskiales, Gnetales and several modern fern and conifer families) originated during this span of time, together with some taxa putatively related to angiosperms. The composition of the various plant assemblages shows a more homogeneous flora globally than during the Permian. Nonetheless two major floristic provinces are distinguishable during the Late Triassic (Gondwana and Laurussia) together with several subprovinces (two within Gondwana, nine within Laurussia), based on palyno- and macro-floras.The latter are differentiated by contrasting taxonomic composition and group abundances related to different climatic and regional environmental conditions. Many plant families and genera are widely distributed in the Late Triassic, at least in the respective hemispheres. Based on the array of preserved damage types on leaves and wood, insect faunas appear to have recovered from the end-Permian mass extinction by the Late Triassic, with a major expansion of herbivory in Gondwana. All modern functional feeding groups (FFG) were present by the Triassic, including external foliage feeding, piercing-and-sucking, galling, leaf mining and seed predation, with some evidence for the development of very specialized feeding traits and egg-laying strategies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Springer International Publishing , 2017, 1. 545-622 p.
Series
Topics in Geobiology, ISSN 0275-0120 ; 46
Keyword [en]
Non-marine ecosystems, Palaeoclimate, Plant fossils, Palynomorphs, Palaeo-provinces, Mass-extinction, Plant-animal interactions
National Category
Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Ecosystems and species history
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-2650DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-68009-5_13ISBN: 978-3-319-68008-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-2650DiVA: diva2:1165662
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2012-4375, 2014-5234, 2015-4264
Note

Funding also acknowledged from:

SYNTHESYS (Projects: AT-TAF2999; DE-TAF239, AT-TAF236, SE-TAF149, AT-TAF467);

Alexander vonHumboldt-Foundation (3.3-ITA/1141759STP);

IGCP 630 cooperation project ‘Permian-Triassicclimatic and environmental extremes and biotic response’.

Kazan Federal University for the state assignment in the sphere of scientific activities;

German Research Councils (DFGKR2125/3)

Friends of the Swedish Museum of Natural History’ (Riksmusei Vänner, Stockholm);

UNESCO grant IGCP 632 and theSwedish Research Council grant VR 2015-4264.

National Science Foundation USA (project #1636625).

Available from: 2017-12-13 Created: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved

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