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Pigmentanalys av medeltida muralmålningar i sju norrlandskyrkor
Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology.
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2017 (Swedish)In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 112, p. 216-226Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The authors have sampled and analysed pigments from murals in seven Medievalchurches in the northern 2/3 of Sweden. These churches are, listed from south tonorth: Trönö, Enånger, Hälsingtuna, Alnö, Liden, Grundsunda and Nederluleå.The murals date from c. 1300–1550.The analyses were performed with a Hitachi S-4300 scanning electron micro-scope. The churches of Enånger and Alnö are richly decorated, and they also yield-ed the most interesting results. In Enånger we identified ultramarine and yellowvolborthite, a rare copper vanadate mineral. In Hälsingtuna the infrequently usedmineral vivianite was found. Some of these churches were presumably importantsojourns for pilgrims en route along the coast of the Baltic Sea to Nidaros-Trond-heim. The murals in the Old church of Nederluleå, 800 km north of Stockholm, aregenerally attributed to the workshop of the renowned master Albertus Pictor, andour pigment analyses support this. In Trönö, Liden and Grundsunda only fragmen-tary murals survive.Seven lead pigments were selected from four churches and analyzed with a massspectrometer to determine their lead isotope ratios. The lead pigments in Hälsing-tuna, Grundsunda and Nederluleå originate in Germany, presumably the Harz orErzgebirge regions. Three lead pigments used at Enånger were found to be a mix-ture of pigments from Germany and Sweden, in the latter case from the Bergslagenregion, where mines were worked quite early. This is the first time that we haveidentified a Medieval lead pigment with a Swedish origin.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 112, p. 216-226
National Category
History of Technology
Research subject
Man and the environment
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-2701OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-2701DiVA, id: diva2:1169031
Available from: 2017-12-22 Created: 2017-12-22 Last updated: 2017-12-22

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