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The identity of figitid parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Figitidae) of anthomyiid flies in conifer cones
Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Zoology.
2018 (English)In: European Journal of Entomology, ISSN 1210-5759, E-ISSN 1802-8829, Vol. 115, p. 104-111Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Larvae of Strobilomyia flies (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) are serious pests in conifer-seed orchards because they feed on the seed inside the cones. Figitid parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea) of Strobilomyia larvae in conifer cones are commonly reported but under various generic names. It is argued here that, across the entire Holarctic region, these figitids belong to Amphithectus and perhaps also to Sarothrus (Figitinae), but not to Melanips (Aspicerinae), contrary to some reports. We conclude that the identity of the commonly found figitid associated with conifer cones (Larix and Picea) in Europe and Asia is Amphithectus austriacus (Tavares, 1928) comb. n. This is most likely considering the original description and the host association, although the type specimen of Seitneria austriaca Tavares, 1928 is lost. This species name takes priority over the recently described Amphithectus coriaceus Paretas-Martinez & Pujade-Villar, 2013. Seitneria Tavares, 1928 becomes a new junior synonym of Amphithectus Hartig, 1840, and Amphithectus coriaceus Paretas-Martinez & Pujade-Villar, 2013 becomes a new synonym of Amphithectus austriacus (Tavares, 1928) comb. n.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 115, p. 104-111
Keywords [en]
Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea, Figitidae, Amphithectus, Seitneria, Diptera, Anthomyiidae, Strobilomyia, parasitoid, conifer cones, cone insects, seed orchard, Larix, Picea, taxonomy, new synonymy, new combination
National Category
Zoology Agricultural Science, Forestry and Fisheries
Research subject
Diversity of life; Ecosystems and species history
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-2785DOI: 10.14411/eje.2018.008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-2785DiVA, id: diva2:1197615
Available from: 2018-04-13 Created: 2018-04-13 Last updated: 2018-05-09Bibliographically approved

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