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Parasitoid biology preserved in mineralized fossils
Laboratory for Applications of Synchrotron Radiation (LAS), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Kaiserstr. 12, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7390-1318
LWL-Museum of Natural History, Sentruper Str. 285, 48141 Münster, Germany.
Institute for Photon Science and Synchrotron Radiation (IPS), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Hermann-vonHelmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, German.
Engineering Mathematics and Computing Lab (EMCL), Interdisciplinary Center for Scientific Computing (IWR), Heidelberg University, Im Neuenheimer Feld 205, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
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2018 (English)In: Nature Communications, ISSN 2041-1723, E-ISSN 2041-1723Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

About 50% of all animal species are considered parasites. The linkage of species diversity to a parasitic lifestyle is especially evident in the insect order Hymenoptera. However, fossil evidence for host–parasitoid interactions is extremely rare, rendering hypotheses on the evolution of parasitism assumptive. Here, using high-throughput synchrotron X-ray microtomography, we examine 1510 phosphatized fly pupae from the Paleogene of France and identify 55 parasitation events by four wasp species, providing morphological and ecological data. All species developed as solitary endoparasitoids inside their hosts and exhibit different morphological adaptations for exploiting the same hosts in one habitat. Our results allow systematic and ecological placement of four distinct endoparasitoids in the Paleogene and highlight the need to investigate ecological data preserved in the fossil record.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
National Category
Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Ecosystems and species history
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URN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-2946DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-05654-yOAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-2946DiVA, id: diva2:1263195
Available from: 2018-11-14 Created: 2018-11-14 Last updated: 2018-11-14

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van de Kamp, ThomasEngler, ThomasHeuveline, VincentKopmann, AndreasMörs, Thomas
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