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Toward a Greater Kerguelen large igneous province: Evolving mantle source contributions in and around the Indian Ocean
Swedish Museum of Natural History. (NordSIMS)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9018-6862
2017 (English)In: Lithos, ISSN 0024-4937, E-ISSN 1872-6143, Vol. 282-283, p. 163-172Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The link between the Kerguelen large igneous province and several moderately-voluminous magmatic domains emplaced on continental crust near the relict triple junction of eastern Gondwana remains tentative. In particular, linking Sr–Nd–Pb isotopic ratios of the 90,000km2 submerged Naturaliste Plateau at the relict triple junction of eastern Gondwana to the Kerguelen LIP were difficult due to previous age estimates of ca. 100Ma. Sericite hydrothermal plateau ages as old as 127.6±0.6Ma indicate that the volcanism on the plateau began at or prior to ca. 128Ma, which is >25m.y. older than previous estimations. These ages are closely matched by the then-nearby ca. 140–130Ma Comei, 137–130Ma Bunbury, 124Ma Wallaby Plateau and 118–117Ma Rajmahal-Bengal-Sylhet magmatic provinces. The Sr–Nd–Pb isotopic characteristics of the majority of these ca. 140–117Ma circum-eastern Gondwana magmatic provinces display only source contributions from the depleted asthenosphere and lithosphere with negligible contribution from the Kerguelen mantle plume. The Comei Province shows a direct plume-related melt signature, probably because it sits directly in the center of the modeled plume head position at 140–130Ma. We suggest that the Kerguelen mantle plume provided the additional heat necessary to melt the asthenosphere and lithosphere of the circum-eastern Gondwanan magmatic provinces. Only after the motion of the Kerguelen plume head into the nascent Indian Ocean at ca. 100–95Ma does a significant melt contribution from the Kerguelen mantle plume become evident in the isotopic signature, a signal that persists until the present-day. Despite differences in source contributions over time, it is clear that the Kerguelen mantle plume is necessary for the production of all the circum-eastern Gondwana magmatic domains, which we propose should be referred to as the Greater Kerguelen Large Igneous Province.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 282-283, p. 163-172
Keywords [en]
Mantle plume, Naturaliste Plateau, Isotope geochemistry, Ar/Ar geochronology, Continental flood basalts, Continental breakup
National Category
Natural Sciences
Research subject
The changing Earth
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-3541OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-3541DiVA, id: diva2:1375208
Available from: 2019-12-04 Created: 2019-12-04 Last updated: 2019-12-04

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merle, Renaud E.
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