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Phylogeny and taxonomic revision of the genus Craterispermum (Rubiaceae) in the Seychelles Archipelago
Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3618-4676
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2020 (English)In: Phytotaxa, Vol. 4, p. 261-276Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

 The genus Craterispermum  (Craterispermeae, Rubiaceae) is distributed in the tropical rain forests of Africa and Madagascar, with one morphologically variable species (Craterispermum microdon ) hitherto recognized in the Seychelles Archipelago. We conducted a Bayesian analysis of the combined ETS and ITS sequence data to: 1) test the monophyly of the Seychellois species of Craterispermum ; and 2) assess the phylogenetic relationships between the island populations. Our analyses supported the monophyly and, therefore, the single Malagasy origin of the Seychellois Craterispermum . The phylogenetic relationships between the three island populations were unresolved, since the Seychellois plants display a very low level of molecular variation. However, both herbarium and field studies revealed that the Craterispermum  taxa occurring on the islands of Mahé, Praslin, and Silhouette, are morphologically distinct and geographically separated. As a result of these studies, two new species, Craterispermum praslinense  and C. silhouettense , are described, to accommodate the Praslin and Silhouette populations, respectively, and C. microdon  is restricted to the population on Mahé Island. A new taxonomic account for the Seychellois Craterispermum , and an identification key to the three species present in the archipelago, are provided. A provisional conservation status of each species, according to the IUCN Categories and Criteria, is presented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. Vol. 4, p. 261-276
Keywords [en]
Craterispermum microdon, Craterispermeae, Western Indian Ocean
National Category
Biological Systematics
Research subject
Diversity of life
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-3817OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-3817DiVA, id: diva2:1484866
Available from: 2020-10-30 Created: 2020-10-30 Last updated: 2023-01-09Bibliographically approved

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Razafimandimbison, Sylvain
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CiteExportLink to record
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