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Seasonal variability in temperature trends and atmospheric circulation systems during the Eemian (Last Interglacial) based on n-alkanes hydrogen isotopes from Northern Finland
Archaeology Laboratory, Department of Historical, Philosophical and Religious Studies, Umeå University.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4881-2481
Department of Physical Geography and the Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University.
Department of Geological Sciences and the Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5578-9916
Department of Geosciences and Geography, University of Helsinki.
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2021 (English)In: Quaternary Science Reviews, ISSN 0277-3791, E-ISSN 1873-457X, Vol. 273, p. 107250-107250, article id 107250Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Last Interglacial warm period, the Eemian (ca. 130-116 thousand years ago), serves as a reference for projected future climate in a warmer world. However, there is a limited understanding of the seasonal characteristics of interglacial climate dynamics, especially in high latitude regions. In this study, we aimto provide new insights into seasonal trends in temperature and moisture source location, linked to shifts in atmospheric circulation patterns, for northern Fennoscandia during the Eemian. Our study is based on the distribution and stable hydrogen isotope composition (dD) of n-alkanes in a lake sediment sequence from the Sokli paleolake in NE Finland, placed in a multi-proxy framework. The dD values of predominantly macrophyte-derived mid-chain n-alkanes are interpreted to reflect lake water dD variability influenced by winter precipitation dD (dDprec), ice cover duration and deuterium (D)-depleted meltwater. The dD values of terrestrial plant-derived long-chain n-alkanes primarily reflect soil water dD variability modulated by summer dDprec and by the evaporative enrichment of soil and leaf water. The dDprec variability in our study area is mostly attributed to the temperature effect and the moisture source location linked to the relative dominance between D-depleted continental and polar air masses and Denriched North Atlantic air masses. The biomarker signal further corroborates earlier diatom-based studies and pollen-inferred January and July temperature reconstructions from the same sediment sequence. Three phases of climatic changes can be identified that generally follow the secular variationsin seasonal insolation: (i) an early warming trend succeeded by a period of strong seasonality (ii) a midoptimum phase with gradually decreased seasonality and cooler summers, and (iii) a late climatic instability with a cooling trend. Superimposed on this trend, two abrupt cooling events occur in the early and late Eemian. The Sokli dD variability is generally in good agreement with other North Atlantic and Siberian records, reflecting major changes in the atmospheric circulation patterns during the Eemian as a response to orbital and oceanic forcings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2021. Vol. 273, p. 107250-107250, article id 107250
Keywords [en]
Eemian, MIS 5e, Last Interglacial, Biomarkers, Hydrogen isotopes, Climate variability, Seasonality changes, Finland
National Category
Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Ecosystems and species history; The changing Earth
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-4574DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2021.107250OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-4574DiVA, id: diva2:1620576
Funder
Academy of Finland, 1310649
Note

This research was primarily financed by the Bolin Center for Climate Research, Stockholm University. KFH further acknowledges funding from Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Company (SKB); JSS from the Academy of Finland (project 1310649). We acknowledge Anna Hägglund in particular for assistance while operating the GC-IRMS, Klara Hajnal with the assistance of extracting n-alkanes and the preparations of samples for bulk isotope analysis and Heike Siegmund for the assistance of bulk isotope analysis at the Stable Isotope Laboratory at Stockholm University.

Available from: 2021-12-01 Created: 2021-12-16Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2021.107250

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