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The last amphicyonid in Africa
Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Paleobiology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9586-4017
2009 (English)In: Geodiversitas, ISSN 1280-9659, Vol. 31, 775-787 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Amphicyonidae are a common element of carnivoran faunas in the early and middle Miocene of Eurasia and North America, but by the Messinian they had become extinct there, except possibly on the Indian subcontinent. In Africa, amphicyonids are poorly known from a scattering of records from the late Oligocene to the late Miocene. In this paper, we describe the last-surviving amphicyonid in Africa, from Messinian-age sediments (dated c. 6.5-5.3 Ma) of Ethiopia (Gona) and Kenya (Lothagam and possibly Lemudong’o). Th is new taxon shows unique adaptations to hypercarnivory in the lower molars and was small for an amphicyonid, dentally about the size of a coyote, Canis latrans.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 31, 775-787 p.
National Category
Zoology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-92OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-92DiVA: diva2:692502
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2014-01-31 Created: 2014-01-31 Last updated: 2014-05-02Bibliographically approved

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