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New species of Crocuta from the Early Pliocene of Kenya, with an overview of early Pliocene hyenas of eastern Africa
Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Paleobiology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9586-4017
2008 (English)In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, ISSN 0272-4634, Vol. 28, 1162-1170 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A new species of Crocuta (spotted hyenas), Crocuta eturono n. sp., from the Early Pliocene of the Turkana Basin, Kenya is described. The species has been recovered from LO6S, a site in the Kataboi Member of the Nachukui Formation, on the western side of Lake Turkana. The site is dated to >3.4 Ma. The new species differs from all previously identified species of Crocuta in its length proportions of the cheek teeth, having a very long m1 and short p3 and p4. The species is also tentatively identified from the Tulu Bor Member of the Koobi Fora Formation, east side of Lake Turkana. The new species provides information for a discussion of the structure of the hyena guild in eastern Africa 4–3 Ma. Three groups of taxa are identified with distinct distributions. It is hypothesized that specific ecomorphologies of each group account for these distinctions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 28, 1162-1170 p.
National Category
Zoology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-93OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-93DiVA: diva2:692504
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2014-01-31 Created: 2014-01-31 Last updated: 2014-05-02Bibliographically approved

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