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Studies of fossil hyaenids: the identity of Lycyaenops rhomboideae Kretzoi from Pesztlörinc, Hungary
Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Paleobiology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9586-4017
1999 (English)In: Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, ISSN 0024-4082, E-ISSN 1096-3642, Vol. 126, 307-317 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The holotype of the lower-middle Pliocene hyaenid Lycyaenops rhomboideae is redescribed and compared with contemporaneous hyaenids of the genera Lycyaena, Hyaenictis, Chasmaporthetes and Pliocrocuta. These comparisons show that the material represents a valid and distinct genus and species. The genus Lycyaenops is referred to the Chasmaporthetes lineage on the basis of its two-cusped ml talonid with reduced entoconid, reduced posterolingual cingulum cusp on p4 and premolar accessory cusps set in a straight line. It is distinguished from all other genera of that lineage by its smaller premolar accessory cusps, broad premolars and squaredoff and very broad posterior premolar shelves. The species L. silberbergi, previously assigned to Chasmaporthetes, is also referred to Lycyaenops. It differs from L. rhomboideae in its greater development of the premolar accessory cusps and less developed posterior premolar shelves, but shares the broad, squared-offpremolars. The interrelationships of Hyaenictis, Chasmaporthetes and Lycyaenops are at present best described by an unresolved trichotomy, with Lycyaena as its sister taxon.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 126, 307-317 p.
National Category
Zoology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-122OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-122DiVA: diva2:693244
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2014-02-04 Created: 2014-02-04 Last updated: 2014-04-09Bibliographically approved

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