Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Phylogeny of Thaumastodermatidae (Gastrotricha: Macrodasyida) Inferred from Nuclear and Mitochondrial Sequence Data
Department of Biology, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.
Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Zoology.
Department of Biology, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.
Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Zoology.
2011 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 6, no 3, e17892- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Phylogenetic relationships within Gastrotricha are poorly known. Attempts to shed light on this subject using morphological traits have led to hypotheses lacking satisfactory statistical support; it seemed therefore that a different approach was needed.

Methodology/Principal Findings: In this paper we attempt to elucidate the relationships within the taxonomically vast family Thaumastodermatidae (Macrodasyida) using molecular sequence data. The study includes representatives of all the extant genera of the family and for the first time uses a multi-gene approach to infer evolutionary liaisons within Gastrotricha. The final data set comprises sequences of three genes (18S, 28S rDNA and COI mtDNA) from 41 species, including 29 thaumastodermatids, 11 non-thaumastodermatid macrodasyidans and a single chaetonotidan. Molecular data was analyzed as a combined set of 3 genes and as individual genes, using Bayesian and maximum likelihood approaches. Two different outgroups were used: Xenotrichula intermedia (Chaetonotida) and members of the putative basal Dactylopodola (Macrodasyida). Thaumastodermatidae and all other sampled macrodasyidan families were found monophyletic except for Cephalodasyidae. Within Thaumastodermatidae Diplodasyinae and Thaumastodermatinae are monophyletic and so are most genera. Oregodasys turns out to be the most basal group within Thaumastodermatinae in analyses of the concatenated data set as well as in analyses of the nuclear genes. Thaumastoderma appears as the sister taxon to the remaining species. Surprisingly, Tetranchyroderma is non-monophyletic in our analyses as one group of species clusters with Ptychostomella while another appears as the sister group of Pseudostomella.

Conclusions/Significance: Results in general agree with the current classification; however, a revision of the more derived thaumastodermatid taxa seems necessary. We also found that the ostensible COI sequences from several species do not conform to the general invertebrate or any other published mitochondrial genetic code; they may be mitochondrially derived nuclear genes (numts), or one or more modifications of the mitochondrial genetic code within Gastrotricha.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 6, no 3, e17892- p.
National Category
Zoology
Research subject
Diversity of life
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-329DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0017892OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-329DiVA: diva2:719982
Projects
Gastrotricha of Sweden - Biodiversity and Phylogeny
Funder
The Swedish Taxonomy Initiative (ArtDatabanken, SLU)
Available from: 2014-05-27 Created: 2014-05-27 Last updated: 2014-06-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Gastrotricha of Sweden - Biodiversity and Phylogeny
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gastrotricha of Sweden - Biodiversity and Phylogeny
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Gastrotricha are small aquatic invertebrates with approximately 770 known species. The group has a cosmopolitan distribution and is currently classified into two orders, Chaetonotida and Macrodasyida. The gastrotrich fauna of Sweden is poorly known: a couple of years ago only 29 species had been reported. In Paper I, III, and IV, 5 freshwater species new to science are described. In total 56 species have been recorded for the first time in Sweden during the course of this thesis. Common species with a cosmopolitan distribution, e. g. Chaetonotus hystrix and Lepidodermella squamata, as well as rarer species, e. g. Haltidytes crassus, Ichthydium diacanthum and Stylochaeta scirtetica, are reported. In Paper II molecular data is used to infer phylogenetic relationships within the morphologically very diverse marine family Thaumastodermatidae (Macrodasyida). Results give high support for monophyly of Thaumastodermatidae and also the subfamilies Diplodasyinae and Thaumastodermatinae. In Paper III the hypothesis of cryptic speciation is tested in widely distributed freshwater gastrotrichs. Heterolepidoderma ocellatum f. sphagnophilum is raised to species under the name H. acidophilum n. sp. The results indicate that L. squamata may be a complex of at least two species. In Paper III and V the phylogeny of Chaetonotidae (Chaetonotida), the largest family within Gastrotricha, is inferred. The group suffers from a troubled taxonomy and is hypothesized to be nonmonophyletic. Results show that members of Dasydytidae are nested within the group. Since only 3 of 17 sampled genera are monophyletic, it is hypothesized that the cuticular structures used in current classification do not reflect phylogenetic relationships. The phylogenetic hypothesis generated in Paper V indicates a marine origin of the predominantly limnic Chaetonotidae with a subsequent secondary invasion to marine environments of some taxa.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: US-AB, 2011. 34 p.
Keyword
taxonomy, systematics, phylogeny, new species, cryptic species, Chaetonotidae, Dasydytidae, Thaumastodermatidae
National Category
Zoology
Research subject
Diversity of life
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-351 (URN)978-91-7447-397-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-12-16, Lilla Hörsalen, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Frescativägen 40, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
Gastrotricha of Sweden - Biodiversity and Phylogeny
Funder
The Swedish Taxonomy Initiative (ArtDatabanken, SLU)
Available from: 2014-06-11 Created: 2014-06-11 Last updated: 2014-06-11Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full texthttp://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0017892

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Kånneby, TobiasJondelius, Ulf
By organisation
Department of Zoology
In the same journal
PLoS ONE
Zoology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Altmetric score

Total: 33 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf