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Molecular and morphological evidences place the extinct New Zealand endemic Turnagra capensis in the Oriolidae.
Swedish Museum of Natural History, Research Division.
2012 (English)In: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, ISSN 1055-7903, E-ISSN 1095-9513, Vol. 62, no 1, 414-26 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The affinities of Piopio Turnagra capensis, an extinct New Zealand passerine, remain poorly known. It has been included into or associated with several bird families (Calleatidae, Cracticidae, Pachycephalidae, Ptilonorhynchidae, Turdidae), often on tenuous grounds. We reassessed Turnagra phylogenetic relationships using nuclear and mitochondrial sequences and a set of morphological and behavioural traits. Molecular and phenotypic characters strongly suggest a novel hypothesis, congruently placing Turnagra in Oriolidae, a highly dispersive corvoid family distributed from the Austro-Papuan landmass to Eurasia and Africa, but missing from the Pacific islands. We show also that the published molecular support to link Turnagra with Ptilonorhynchidae was biased by the use of incorrect genetic data and weak analyses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 62, no 1, 414-26 p.
Keyword [en]
Dispersal, Osteology, Extinct birds, Turnagra, Oriolidae, Archival DNA
National Category
Biological Systematics Evolutionary Biology
Research subject
Diversity of life
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-405DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2011.10.013PubMedID: 22056604OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-405DiVA: diva2:734805
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 621-2007-5280
Available from: 2014-07-21 Created: 2014-07-21 Last updated: 2014-07-21Bibliographically approved

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