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The phylogenetic relationships and generic limits of finches (Fringillidae).
Swedish Museum of Natural History, Research Division.
2012 (English)In: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, ISSN 1055-7903, E-ISSN 1095-9513, Vol. 62, no 2, 581-96 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Phylogenetic relationships among the true finches (Fringillidae) have been confounded by the recurrence of similar plumage patterns and use of similar feeding niches. Using a dense taxon sampling and a combination of nuclear and mitochondrial sequences we reconstructed a well resolved and strongly supported phylogenetic hypothesis for this family. We identified three well supported, subfamily level clades: the Holoarctic genus Fringilla (subfamly Fringillinae), the Neotropical Euphonia and Chlorophonia (subfamily Euphoniinae), and the more widespread subfamily Carduelinae for the remaining taxa. Although usually separated in a different family-group taxon (Drepanidinae), the Hawaiian honeycreepers are deeply nested within the Carduelinae and sister to a group of Asian Carpodacus. Other new relationships recovered by this analysis include the placement of the extinct Chaunoproctus ferreorostris as sister to some Asian Carpodacus, a clade combining greenfinches (Carduelis chloris and allies), Rhodospiza and Rhynchostruthus, and a well-supported clade with the aberrant Callacanthis and Pyrrhoplectes together with Carpodacus rubescens. Although part of the large Carduelis-Serinus complex, the poorly known Serinus estherae forms a distinct lineage without close relatives. The traditionally delimited genera Carduelis, Serinus, Carpodacus, Pinicola and Euphonia are polyphyletic or paraphyletic. Based on our results we propose a revised generic classification of finches and describe a new monotypic genus for Carpodacus rubescens.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 62, no 2, 581-96 p.
Keyword [en]
Fringillidae, Drepanidinae, Carpodacus, Chaunoproctus, Phylogeny
National Category
Biological Systematics Evolutionary Biology
Research subject
Diversity of life
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-406DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2011.10.002PubMedID: 22023825OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-406DiVA: diva2:734806
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 621-2007-5280
Available from: 2014-07-21 Created: 2014-07-21 Last updated: 2014-07-21Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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