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Color mechanisms in spinel: cobalt and iron interplay for the blue color
Sapienza University, Rome, Italy.
Sapienza University, Rome, Italy.
Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology.
Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology.
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2015 (English)In: Physics and chemistry of minerals, ISSN 0342-1791, E-ISSN 1432-2021, Vol. 42, no 6, 431-439 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Six natural, blue colored spinel crystals were studied chemically by electron microprobe and laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LAICP-MS) techniques and optically by UV–VIS–NIR–MIR spectroscopy in the range 30,000–2,000 cm1  to investigate the causes of their blue color hues. The positions of the absorption bands vary only marginally with the principal composition of the samples (gahnite vs. spinel s.s .). Although blue colors in spinels are frequently the result of various electronic processes in Fe cations, we demonstrate by comparison with synthetic Co-bearing samplesthat Co acts as an important chromophore also in natural spinels. Already at concentration levels of a few ppm (e.g.,>10 ppm), cobalt gives rise to absorption bands at ~18,000, 17,000 and 16,000 cm1  that result in distinct blue coloration. In spinels with insignificant Co contents, different shades of paler blue (from purplish to greenish blue) colors are caused by electronic transitions in TFe2+, MFe2+, MFe3and Fe2+–Fe3 cation pairs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 42, no 6, 431-439 p.
National Category
Geochemistry
Research subject
The changing Earth
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-1228DOI: 10.1007/s00269-015-0734-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-1228DiVA: diva2:812488
Available from: 2015-05-19 Created: 2015-05-19 Last updated: 2015-05-20Bibliographically approved

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Hålenius, UlfSkogby, Henrik
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CiteExportLink to record
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