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The phylogenetic position of Neogosseidae (Gastrotricha: Chaetonotida) and the origin of planktonic Gastrotricha
Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Zoology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7151-5915
Department of Biology, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.
2015 (English)In: Organisms Diversity & Evolution, ISSN 1439-6092, E-ISSN 1618-1077, Vol. 15, no 3, 459-469 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Planktonic forms of Gastrotricha have been known since the 1850s, despite the fact that they are rather uncommon and difficult to collect. They are characterized by a round sack-shaped body, an absence of furcal adhesive tubes, and a different distribution of the locomotory ciliation compared to epibenthic and periphytic gastrotrichs. Today, planktonic gastrotrichs are classified into the three taxa—Dasydytidae, Neogosseidae, and Undula—but their origin and whether they share a recent common ancestor remain largely unknown. A long-held view is that planktonic taxa are derived from benthic ancestors related to Chaetonotus (Zonochaeta), but the hypothesis has never been properly tested. Here, in order to elucidate the phylogeny and origin of planktonic Gastrotricha, we provide the first molecular data on the very rare genera Kijanebalola and Neogossea, both members of the family Neogosseidae. We use Bayesian and maximum likelihood phylogenetics to analyze sequences of 18S rDNA, 28S rDNA, and COI mtDNA spanning 71 taxa in total. We find high support for a common origin of planktonic gastrotrichs, with monophyly of both Dasydytidae and Neogosseidae. Planktonic forms have evolved from epibenthic or periphytic ancestors, and the closest extant clade comprises members of Chaetonotus (Zonochaeta) + Chaetonotus heteracanthus Remane, 1927. These results further imply that the motile spines and underlying muscle patterns that control them in species of Dasydytidae are adaptations to the planktonic environment that evolved independently of those in other species of Gastrotricha.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2015. Vol. 15, no 3, 459-469 p.
Keyword [en]
Meiofauna, Freshwater, Planktonic, Phylogeny, Paucitubulatina
National Category
Evolutionary Biology
Research subject
Diversity of life
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:nrm:diva-1472DOI: 10.1007/s13127-015-0223-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:nrm-1472DiVA: diva2:876140
Projects
Gastrotricha of Sweden
Funder
The Swedish Taxonomy Initiative (ArtDatabanken, SLU), 440827
Available from: 2015-12-02 Created: 2015-12-02 Last updated: 2015-12-02Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13127-015-0223-9

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