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  • 1.
    Bosi, Ferdinando
    et al.
    Sapienza Università di Roma, Italy.
    Cámara, Fernando
    Università di Torino, Italy.
    Ciriotti, Marco
    Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Torino, Italy.
    Hålenius, Ulf
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology.
    Reznitskii, Leonid
    Russian Academy of Science, Irkutsk, Russia.
    Stagno, Vincenzo
    Sapienza Università di Roma, Italy.
    Crystal-chemical relations and classification problems in tourmalines belonging to the oxy-schorl—oxy-dravite—bosiite—povondraite series2017In: European journal of mineralogy, ISSN 0935-1221, E-ISSN 1617-4011, Vol. 29, no 3, p. 445-455Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Bosi, Ferdinando
    et al.
    Sapienza Università di Roma, Italy.
    Reznitskii, Leonid
    Russian Academy of Science, Irkutsk, Russia.
    Hålenius, Ulf
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology.
    Skogby, Henrik
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology.
    Crystal chemistry of Al-V-Cr oxy-tourmalines from Sludyanka complex, Lake Baikal, Russia2017In: European journal of mineralogy, ISSN 0935-1221, E-ISSN 1617-4011, Vol. 29, no 3, p. 457-472Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Bosi, Ferdinando
    et al.
    Sapienza Università di Roma, Italy.
    Skogby, Henrik
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology.
    Hålenius, Ulf
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology.
    Oxy-foitite, □(Fe2+Al2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O, a new mineral species of the tourmaline supergroup2017In: European journal of mineralogy, ISSN 0935-1221, E-ISSN 1617-4011, Vol. 29, no 5, p. 889-896Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Oxy-foitite, □(Fe2+Al2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O, is a new mineral of the tourmaline supergroup. It occurs in high-grade migmatitic gneisses of pelitic composition at the Cooma metamorphic Complex (New South Wales, Australia), in association with muscovite, K-feldspar and quartz. Crystals are black with a vitreous luster, sub-conchoidal fracture and gray streak. Oxy-foitite has a Mohs hardness of ∼7, and has a calculated density of 3.143 g/cm3. In plane-polarized light, oxy-foitite is pleochroic (O= dark brown and E = pale brown), uniaxial negative. Oxy-foitite belongs to the trigonal crystal system, space group R3ma = 15.9387(3) Å, c = 7.1507(1)Å and V = 1573.20(6)Å3,Z = 3. The crystal structure of oxy-foitite was refined to R1 = 1.48% using 3247 unique reflections from single-crystal X-ray diffraction using MoKα radiation. Crystal-chemical analysis resulted in the empirical structural formula: X(□0.53Na0.45Ca0.01K0.01)Σ1.00Y(Al1.53Fe2+1.16Mg0.22Mn2+0.05Zn0.01Ti4+0.03)Σ3.00Z(Al5.47Fe3+0.14Mg0.39)Σ6.00[(Si5.89Al0.11)Σ6.00O18](BO3)3V(OH)3W[O0.57F0.04(OH)0.39]Σ1.00. Oxy-foitite belongs to the X-site vacant group of the tourmaline-supergroup minerals, and shows chemical relationships with foitite through the substitution YAl3++WO2-YFe2++W(OH)1–.

  • 4.
    Grew, Edward S.
    et al.
    University of Maine, Orono, USA.
    Bosi, Ferdinando
    Sapienza Università di Roma, Italy.
    Ros, Linus
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Kristiansson, Per
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Gunter, Mickey E.
    University of Idaho, Moscow, USA.
    Hålenius, Ulf
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology.
    Trumbull, Robert B.
    GFZ, Potsdam, Germany.
    Yates, Martin G.
    University of Maine, Orono, USA.
    Fluor-elbaite, lepidolite and Ta–Nb oxides from a pegmatite of the 3000Ma Sinceni Pluton, Swaziland: evidence for lithium–cesium–tantalum (LCT) pegmatites in the Mesoarchean2018In: European journal of mineralogy, ISSN 0935-1221, E-ISSN 1617-4011, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 205-218Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mineral evolution is concerned with the timing of mineral occurrences, such as the earliest reported occurrences in the geologic record. Minerals containing essential Li have not been reported from rocks older than ca. 3000 Ma, thus the lithian tourmaline (fluor-elbaite) and mica (lepidolite) assemblage from a pegmatite near Zishineni associated with the ca. 3000Ma Sinceni Pluton presents unusual interest. Fluor-elbaite (0.750.98 F per formula unit) forms green crystals up to 50mm long. Spindle stage measurements give ω = 1.652(1), ε = 1.627(1) (589.3 nm). Optical absorption spectroscopy shows Fe and Mn are divalent; infra-red spectroscopy demonstrates the presence of Li and indicates the presence of (OH) at both the (OH) sites. Electron microprobe analysis of 330 points on several prisms, the largest of which is zoned in Fe and Ca, gives the following average and standard deviations in wt%: SiO2 37.29 (0.26), TiO2 0.05 (0.05), Al2O3 38.14 (0.35), Cr2O3 0 (0.02), MgO 0.02 (0.01), MnO 3.57 (0.25), FeO 2.48 (0.60), Na2O 2.48 (0.09), K2O 0.03 (0.12), CaO 0.77 (0.21), F 1.80 (0.11), Cl 0 (0.01) wt%. Nuclear reaction analyses gave Li2O 0.91 (0.04) and B2O10.55 (0.45). The empirical formula of fluor-elbaite was determined by integrating crystal-chemical data from electron microprobe analysis, nuclear reaction analysis, crystal structure refinement using X-ray diffraction, infra-red and optical absorption spectroscopy:X(0.09Na0.77K0.01Ca0.13)Σ1.00 Y(0.35Li0.59Mn2+0.49Fe2+0.33Al1.23Ti0.01)Σ3.00Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)3O1[F0.92(OH)0.08]Σ1.00. The crystal structure of fluor-elbaite was refined to statistical indices R1 for 1454 reflections 2% using MoKa X-ray intensity data. Structural data confirm the presence of significant vacancies at the Y site. Micas include lepidolite in flakes several millimeters across that are veined and overgrown by fine-grainedmuscovite. Silica and (FeO+MnO) increase, and Al decreases with F, all giving tight linear fits for both micas taken together, suggesting bothmicas can be regarded as interstratified muscovite and lithium mica consisting of 35.2 wt% masutomilite containing nearly equal amounts of Mn and Fe, 52.8 wt% polylithionite and 11.9 wt% trilithionite. Muscovite and lepidolite contain <0.2 wt% and 0.72.25 wt% Cs2O and 1.01.1 wt% and 1.41.5wt% Rb2O, respectively. Other minerals include spessartine (e.g., Sps93Alm4Grs3) in scattered grains up to 0.5mm across and monazite.Oxides occur sparsely in muscovite, rarely in lepidolite, as grains up to 11 mm long, including fluorcalciomicrolite, columbite-(Mn) withNb>Ta, hübnerite(?) and a possible Pb-bearing microlite (Ta>Nb). The oxides, together with the muscovite, are interpreted to be related to later hydrothermal reworking of the primary lepidolitefluorelbaite assemblage. Given the 2990 ± 43MaRbSr isochron and 3074 ± 4Ma evaporation PbPb ages reported for the Sinceni Pluton and Rb/Sr mineral ages ranging from 2906 ± 31Ma to 3072 ± 33Ma reported for the pegmatites, the fluor-elbaitecesian lepidolitefluorcalciomicrolite-bearing pegmatite is the first reported occurrence of a lithian tourmaline and lepidolite in the geologic record, as well as one of the two earliest known examples of the lithiumcesiumtantalum (LCT) family of pegmatites. The Sinceni magma is most plausibly derived from a metasedimentary source by intrusion of hot mantle melts into the crust from below, thereby indicating that a “mature” continental crust existed in the Kaapvaal craton at ca. 3000 Ma.

  • 5.
    Grew, Edward S.
    et al.
    University of Maine.
    Hålenius, Ulf
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology.
    Pasero, Marco
    Università di Pisa.
    The crystal-chemistry of aenigmatite revisited: electron microprobe data, structure refinement, and Mössbauer spectroscopy of aenigmatite from Vesterøya (Norway)2008In: European journal of mineralogy, ISSN 0935-1221, E-ISSN 1617-4011, Vol. 20, p. 983-991Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Henrik, Skogby
    et al.
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology.
    Janak, Marian
    Broska, Igor
    Water incorporation in omphacite: concentrations and compositional relations in ultrahigh-pressure eclogites from Pohorje, Eastern Alps2016In: European journal of mineralogy, ISSN 0935-1221, E-ISSN 1617-4011, Vol. 28, p. 631-639Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Holtstam, Dan
    et al.
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology.
    Bindi, Luca
    Università di Firenze, Italy.
    Hålenius, Ulf
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology.
    Andersson, Ulf Bertil
    Luossavaara-Kiirunavaara AB, Kiruna, Sweden.
    Delhuyarite-(Ce) – Ce4Mg(Fe3+2W)□(Si2O7)2O6(OH)2 – a new mineral of the chevkinite group, from the Nya Bastnäs Fe–Cu–REE deposit, Sweden2017In: European journal of mineralogy, ISSN 0935-1221, E-ISSN 1617-4011, Vol. 29, no 5, p. 897-905Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Delhuyarite-(Ce) is a new mineral (IMA no. 2016-091) with ideal formula Ce4Mg(Fe3+2W)□(Si2O7)2O6(OH)2. It is named after Juan and Fausto de Elhuyar (Delhuyar), chemists and metallurgists, who in 1783 isolated tungsten metal for the first time.  Associated minerals in the only known sample, from the Nya Bastnäs Fe–Cu–REE deposit (Västmanland, Sweden), include cerite-(Ce), tremolite‒actinolite, percleveite-(Ce), bastnäsite-(Ce), ferriallanite-(Ce), törnebohmite-(Ce), magnetite, chalcopyrite, quartz and scheelite. Delhuyarite-(Ce), which forms subhedral crystals up to 0.3mm long, is brown–black with a dark brown streak and translucent with an adamantine lustre. It is pleochroic in black to rust red and optically biaxial (-). Calculated density and mean refractive index are 5.20 g·cm-3 and 1.94, respectively. Chemical analyses (electron microprobe) gave (in wt%) La2O3 14.58, Ce2O3 23.29, Pr2O1.89, Nd2O3 6.13, Sm2O3 0.74, Gd2O3 0.37, Dy2O3 0.03, Er2O3 0.04, Yb2O3 0.12, Y2O3 0.22, CaO 0.76, Fe2O3 12.86, MgO 2.43, Al2O3 0.73, SiO2 18.16, TiO2 0.09, WO3 15.53, H2Ocalc 1.33, F 0.05, Cl 0.03, O=(F, Cl) 0.03, sum 99.35, corresponding to an empirical formula: (Ce1.89La1.19Nd0.48Pr0.15Sm0.06Gd0.03Y0.03Ca0.18)Σ4.01(Fe3+2.14W0.89Mg0.80Al0.19Ti0.02)Σ4.04Si4.01O20(OH1.96F0.04)Σ2, based on 22 O atoms per formula unit (apfu). The presence of H2O is confirmed by IR-spectroscopy, from a strong absorption band at 3495 cm-1. Delhuyarite-(Ce) is monoclinic, space group C2/m, with unit-cell parameters a =13.6020(6)Å, b = 5.7445(3)Å, c = 10.9996(5)Å, β = 100.721(4)°, V = 844.47 (6)Å3 and Z = 2 (data for natural crystal). The crystal structure was refined to an R1 index of 3.9% (natural crystal) and 1.8% (annealed). Delhuyarite-(Ce) has the same structural topology as chevkinite subgroup minerals, e.g. chevkinite-(Ce). It is the only mineral of the group with a significant content of W6+ = 0.89 apfu. In delhuyarite-(Ce), Mg is dominant at the M1 site as in polyakovite-(Ce); the composition of the M2, M3 and M4 sites is [(Fe3+2W)□], with M2 being 50% vacant.

  • 8.
    Holtstam, Dan
    et al.
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology.
    Bindi, Luca
    Università di Firenze, Italy.
    Hålenius, Ulf
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology.
    Kolitsch, Uwe
    Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien, Austria.
    Mansfeld, Joakim
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Ulfanderssonite-(Ce), a new Cl-bearing REE silicate mineral species from the Malmkärra mine, Norberg, Sweden2017In: European journal of mineralogy, ISSN 0935-1221, E-ISSN 1617-4011, Vol. 29, no 6, p. 1015-1026Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ulfanderssonite-(Ce) is a new mineral (IMA 2016-107) from the long-abandoned Malmkärra iron mine, one of the Bastnäs-type Fe-rare earth element (REE) deposits in the Bergslagen ore region, central Sweden. It is named for Ulf B. Andersson, a Swedish geologist and petrologist. In the type specimen, the mineral occurs with västmanlandite-(Ce), bastnäsite-(Ce), phlogopite, talc, magnetite, pyrite, fluorbritholite-(Ce) and scheelite. Ulfanderssonite-(Ce) forms pinkish, translucent subhedral grains, 100–300 mm, in aggregates up to 2 mm. Fracture is uneven, and there is an indistinct cleavage parallel (001). Mohs' hardness is 5−6, dcalc= 4.97 g·cm-3. Optically, ulfanderssonite-(Ce) is nonpleochroic, biaxial negative, with 2Vmeas =55° and ncalc=1.82. The ideal composition is Ce15CaMg2(SiO4)10(SiO3OH)(OH,F)5Cl3. EMP and LA-ICP-MS chemical analyses yielded (in wt%) La2O3 11.87, Ce2O3 30.98, Pr2O3 3.99, Nd2O3 17.14, Sm2O3 2.81, Eu2O3 0.18, Gd2O3 1.15, Dy2O3 0.30, Tb2O3 0.10, Y2O3 1.11, CaO 2.26, FeO 0.02, MgO 1.97, P2O5 0.08 SiO2 19.13, H2Ocalc 1.07, F 1.09, Cl 2.89, O=(F, Cl) -1.10, sum 97.04. The five strongest powder X-ray diffraction lines are [I (%) dobs(Å) (hkl)]: 100 2.948 (-421), 47 2.923 (204), 32 2.660 (-225), 26 3.524 (40-1), 25 1.7601 (6-23). Ulfanderssonite-(Ce) is monoclinic, Cm, with a =14.1403(8), b = 10.7430(7), c = 15.498(1) Å, β = 106.615(6)° and V = 2256.0(2) Å3 for Z = 2. The crystal structure has been solved by direct methods and refined to R1 = 2.97% for 5280 observed reflections. It consists of a regular alternation of two layers, designated A and B, along the c-axis: A (ca. 9 Å thickness), with composition [(Ce8Ca)MgSiO22(OH,F)4]8+, and B (ca. 6.5 Å), with composition [Ce7Mg­Si4O21(OH,F)2Cl3]8-; the A layer is topologically and chemically closely related to cerite-(Ce). A FTIR spectrum shows strong absorption in the region 2850−3650 cm-1, related to the presence of O-H stretching bands. Ulfanderssonite-(Ce) is interpreted as a primary mineral at the deposit, along with the more common fluorbritholite-(Ce), formed by a magmatic-hydrothermal fluid with REE, Si, F and Cl ion complexes reacting with dolomite marble. The presence of ulfanderssonite-(Ce) is direct evidence of a Cl-rich mineral-forming aqueous solution, normally not reflected in the composition of skarn minerals in Bastnäs-type deposits.

  • 9.
    Hålenius, Ulf
    et al.
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology.
    Hatert, Frédéric
    Université de Liège, Belgium..
    Pasero, Marco
    Università di Pisa, Italy..
    Mills, Stuart J.
    Museum Victoria, Melbourne, Australia..
    IMA Commission on New Minerals, Nomenclature and Classification (CNMNC) Newsletter 412018In: European journal of mineralogy, ISSN 0935-1221, E-ISSN 1617-4011, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 183-186Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Hålenius, Ulf
    et al.
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology.
    Hatert, Frédéric
    Université de Liège, Belgium..
    Pasero, Marco
    Università di Pisa, Italy..
    Mills, Stuart J.
    Museum Victoria, Melbourne, Australia..
    IMA Commission on New Minerals, Nomenclature and Classification (CNMNC) Newsletter 432018In: European journal of mineralogy, ISSN 0935-1221, E-ISSN 1617-4011, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 647-652Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Hålenius, Ulf
    et al.
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology.
    Häussermann, Ulrich
    Stockholms universitet.
    Harryson, Hans
    Uppsala universitet.
    Holtstamite, Ca3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)3-x(H4O4)x, a new tetragonal hydrogarnet from Wessels Mine, South Africa2005In: European journal of mineralogy, ISSN 0935-1221, E-ISSN 1617-4011, Vol. 17, p. 375-382Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Hålenius, Ulf
    et al.
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology.
    Libowitzky, Eugen
    Universität Wien.
    Wildner, Manfred
    Universität Wien.
    6th European Conference on Mineralogy and Spectroscopy: Preface2009In: European journal of mineralogy, ISSN 0935-1221, E-ISSN 1617-4011, Vol. 21, p. 7-7Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Panikorovskii, Taras
    et al.
    Saint-Petersburg State University, Russia.
    Shilovskikh, Vladimir
    Saint-Petersburg State University, Russia.
    Avdontseva, Evgenia
    Saint-Petersburg State University, Russia.
    Zolotarev, Andrey
    Saint-Petersburg State University.
    Pekov, Igor
    Moscow State University, Russia.
    Britvin, Sergey
    Saint-Petersburg State University, Russia.
    Hålenius, Ulf
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology.
    Krivovichev, Sergey
    Saint-Petersburg State University, Russia.
    Cyprine, Ca19Cu2+(Al,Mg,Mn)12Si18O69(OH)9, a new vesuvianite-group mineral from the Wessels mine, South Africa 2017In: European journal of mineralogy, ISSN 0935-1221, E-ISSN 1617-4011, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 295-306Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Weis, Franz
    et al.
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology.
    Lazor, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Skogby, Henrik
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Geology.
    Stalder, Roland
    University of Innsbruck.
    Eriksson, Leif
    Stockholms universitet.
    Polarized IR and Raman spectra of zoisite: insights into the OH-dipole orientation and luminescence.2016In: European journal of mineralogy, ISSN 0935-1221, E-ISSN 1617-4011, Vol. 28, p. 537-543Article in journal (Refereed)
1 - 14 of 14
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