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  • 1.
    Berger, Michelle L.
    et al.
    Shaw Institute.
    Shaw, Susan D.
    Shaw Institute.
    Rolsky, Charles B.
    Shaw Institute.
    Chen, Da
    Sun, Jiachen
    Rosing-Asvid, Aqqalu
    Grønlands Naturinstitut.
    Granquist, Sandra Magdalena
    Simon, Malene
    Grønlands Klimaforskningscenter.
    Bäcklin, Britt-Marie
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Environmental research and monitoring.
    Roos, Anna Maria
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Environmental research and monitoring.
    Alternative and legacy flame retardants in marine mammals from three northern ocean regions2023In: Environmental Pollution, ISSN 0269-7491, E-ISSN 1873-6424, Vol. 335, p. 122255-122255, article id 122255Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Flame retardants are globally distributed contaminants that have been linked to negative health effects in humans and wildlife. As top predators, marine mammals bioaccumulate flame retardants and other contaminants in their tissues which is one of many human-imposed factors threatening population health. While some flame retardants, such as the polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE), have been banned because of known toxicity and environmental persistence, limited data exist on the presence and distribution of current-use alternative flame retardants in marine mammals from many industrialized and remote regions of the world. Therefore, this study measured 44 legacy and alternative flame retardants in nine marine mammal species from three ocean regions: the Northwest Atlantic, the Arctic, and the Baltic allowing for regional, species, age, body condition, temporal, and tissue comparisons to help understand global patterns. PBDE concentrations were 100–1000 times higher than the alternative brominated flame retardants (altBFRs) and Dechloranes. 2,2′,4,5,5′-pentabromobiphenyl (BB-101) and hexabromobenzene (HBBZ) were the predominant altBFRs, while Dechlorane-602 was the predominant Dechlorane. This manuscript also reports only the second detection of hexachlorocyclopentadienyl-dibromocyclooctane (HCDBCO) in marine mammals. The NW Atlantic had the highest PBDE concentrations followed by the Baltic and Arctic which reflects greater historical use of PBDEs in North America compared to Europe and greater industrialization of North America and Baltic countries compared to the Arctic. Regional patterns for other compounds were more complicated, and there were significant interactions among species, regions, body condition and age class. Lipid-normalized PBDE concentrations in harbor seal liver and blubber were similar, but HBBZ and many Dechloranes had higher concentrations in liver, indicating factors other than lipid dynamics affect the distribution of these compounds. The health implications of contamination by this mixture of compounds are of concern and require further research.

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  • 2. Bohlin, Erland
    et al.
    Hallgren, Susanne
    Åhlander, Erik
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Zoology.
    Unikt skolmuseum i Örebro hotat2014In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 10 september, p. Kultur 24-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3. Hansen, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Sun, Jiachen
    Helander, Björn
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Environmental Monitoring and Research.
    Bustnes, Jan Ove
    Eulaers, Igor
    Jaspers, Veerle L.B.
    Covaci, Adrian
    Eens, Marcel
    Bourgeon, Sophie
    A retrospective investigation of feather corticosterone in a highly contaminated white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) population2023In: Environmental Research, ISSN 0013-9351, E-ISSN 1096-0953, Vol. 228, p. 115923-115923, article id 115923Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Holovachov, Oleksandr
    et al.
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Zoology.
    Andriy, Zatushevsky
    Ivan Franko National University of Lviv.
    Ihor, Shydlovsky
    Ivan Franko National University of Lviv.
    Whole-Drawer Imaging of Entomological Collections: Benefits, Limitations and Alternative Applications2014In: Journal of Conservation and Museum Studies, ISSN 2049-4572, E-ISSN 1364-0429, Vol. 12, no 9, p. 1-13Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Löfstrand, Stefan
    et al.
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany.
    Razafimandimbison, Sylvain Georges
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany.
    Rydin, Catarina
    Phylogeny of Coussareeae (Rubioideae, Rubiaceae)2019In: Plant Systematics and Evolution, Vol. 305, p. 293-304Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Coussareeae are a Neotropical clade of morphologically heterogeneous plants in the subfamily Rubioideae of the coffee family (Rubiaceae). The tribe encompasses about 330 species assigned to ten genera: BradeaCoccocypselumCoussareaCruckshanksiaDeclieuxiaFarameaHeterophyllaeaHindsiaOreopolus, and Standleya. Historically, the genera of Coussareeae have rarely been considered closely related, and the widely defined Coussareeae were delimited based on molecular systematics without proposed morphological synapomorphies. In order to assess the tribe’s monophyly, as well as the generic limits, infrageneric relationships, and suprageneric relationships, multiple specimens per genus were sampled whenever possible and analyzed using multiple molecular loci with the Bayesian and maximum likelihood methods. The results of the phylogenetic analyses (all genera represented by multiple terminals are monophyletic, all genera are resolved with respect to each other, and three major suprageneric clades are resolved), coupled with herbarium and literature studies, were used to identify potential synapomorphic features. Non-molecular diagnostic features remain elusive for Coussareeae as a whole, but we have identified multiple diagnostic features and potential synapomorphies for each of the three major suprageneric clades: (1) Coussarea and Faramea(e.g., porate pollen grains with annuli bordering the pores); (2) BradeaCoccocypselumDeclieuxiaHindsia, and Standleya (e.g., colporate pollen grains with complex reticulate tecta); and 3) CruckshanksiaHeterophyllaea, and Oreopolus (e.g., chartaceous, loculicidal capsules). The latter clade, distributed in different biomes of the Andes, is sister to the former two, both widely distributed in the Neotropics.

  • 6. Van Zuijlen, K.
    et al.
    Nobis, M. P.
    Hedenäs, Lars
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany.
    Hodgetts, Nick
    Calleja Alarcón, Juan A.
    Albatros, Belén
    Bernhardt-Römermann, Markus
    Gabriel, Rosalina
    Garilleti, Ricardo
    Lara, Francisco
    Preston, Chris D..
    Simmel, Josef
    Urmi, Edi
    Bisang, Irene
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany.
    Bergamini, Ariel
    Bryophytes of Europe Traits (BET) dataset: a fundamental tool for bryological studies2023In: Journal of Vegetation Science, ISSN 1100-9233, E-ISSN 1654-1103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bryophytes are a diverse group of organisms with unique properties, yet they are severelyunderrepresented in plant trait databases. Building on the recently published European Red List ofbryophytes and previous trait compilations, we present the Bryophytes of Europe Traits (BET) dataset,including biological traits such as those related to life history, growth habit, sexual and vegetativereproduction, ecological traits such as indicator values, substrate and habitat, and bioclimatic variablesbased on the species’ European range. The dataset includes values for 65 traits and 25 bioclimaticvariables, containing more than 135 000 trait values with a completeness of 82.7% on average. Thedataset will enable future studies in bryophyte biology, ecology and conservation and may help toanswer fundamental questions in bryology.

  • 7.
    Werdelin, Lars
    et al.
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Paleobiology.
    Lewis, Margaret E.
    Richard Stockton College of New Jersey.
    Temporal change in functional richness and evenness in the eastern African Plio-Pleistocene carnivoran guild2013In: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 3, p. e57944-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We analyze functional richness and functional evenness of the carnivoran guild in eastern Africa from 3.5 Ma to 1.5 Ma, and compare them to the present day. The data consist of characters of the craniodental apparatus of 76 species of fossil and extant carnivorans, divided into four 0.5 Ma time slices from 3.5 to 1.5 Ma, together with the modern fauna. Focus is on large (>21.5 kg) carnivores. Results show that the large carnivore guild has lost nearly 99% of its functional richness since 3.5 Ma, in a process starting prior to 2 Ma. Measurement of functional evenness shows the modern large carnivore guild to be unique in being randomly distributed in morphospace while in all past time slices there is significant clustering of species. The results are analyzed in the light of known changes to climate and environment in eastern Africa. We conclude that climate change is unlikely to explain all of the changes found and suggest that the evolution of early hominins into carnivore niche space, especially the evolution of derived dietary strategies after 2 Ma, played a significant part in the reduction of carnivore functional richness.

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    Werdelin & Lewis 2013 functional
  • 8.
    Åsbrink, Jessica
    et al.
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Environmental research and monitoring.
    Hellström, Peter
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Environmental research and monitoring.
    Resultat från inventeringen av kungsörn i Sverige 20202021Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    fulltext
  • 9.
    Åsbrink, Jessica
    et al.
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Environmental research and monitoring.
    Källman, Thomas
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Environmental research and monitoring.
    Resultat från inventeringen av kungsörn i Sverige 20222023Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    fulltext
  • 10.
    Åsbrink, Jessica
    et al.
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Environmental research and monitoring.
    Sköld, Martin
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Environmental research and monitoring.
    Källman, Thomas
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Environmental research and monitoring.
    Gyllenstrand, Niclas
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Environmental research and monitoring.
    Resultat från inventeringen av brunbjörn i Västerbottens län 20192020Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    fulltext
1 - 10 of 10
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